NOMBRES - Curiosités, théorie et usages

 

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LINGUISTIQUE

 

Débutants

Général

ANGLAIS

 

Glossaire

Nombre

Nombres en quatre langues

Nombres et quantités

LangueIndex

Numération en anglais

Expressions avec des nombres

Faux-amis 1

Numération autres langues

Expressions en maths

Faux-amis 2

Expressions idiomatiques

Expressions business

Préfixes des nombres

Dates, la semaine prochaine …

Expressions en économie

Divers

 

 

 

 

Woman,    without her man,    is nothing.

Woman!   Without her,  man   is nothing.

La femme sans homme n'est rien.

La femme! Sans elle, l'homme n'est rien.

 

Anglais, langue universelle? Loin de là! Il y a aussi l'espagnol, l'hindi-urdu, l'arabe, le chinois … Recrudescence de ces langues avec la prospérité des BRIC (Brésil, Russie, Inde et Chine). Le monde anglophone reconnaît qu'il devrait désormais s'intéresser aux autres langues pour favoriser l'accès aux informations des autres cultures.

La part des publications Internet en anglais est passée

de 80% en l'an 2000 à 30% seulement en 2012.

Voir Pensées & humour / Langues

 

 

 

Les 200

EXPRESSIONS ANGLAISES

Utiles à savoir, essentiellement dans le milieu

des affaires et du management

 

Le vocabulaire spécifique à une profession est appris "sur le tas" lorsqu'on exerce un métier. Par contre, le vocabulaire pour parler des affaires, de leur mangement et de la technique sous-tendue est commun à tous les domaines. En voici un échantillon.

 

Attention.jpgCe glossaire a été rédigé pour la première fois en 1975 et il a été enrichi au cours de ma carrière de manager exercée dans de nombreux pays de langue anglaise ou parlant anglais (Royaume-Uni, États-Unis, Australie, Inde, Corée du sud et de nombreux pays européens dont Allemagne, Suède, Espagne, Italie… Cette liste n'est pas académique et comporte sans doute des lacunes et des erreurs qui ne sont que de mon fait. Mon but consiste simplement à montrer quel est le vocabulaire de base utilisé en business. Il s'agit du bagage minimum indispensable.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Légende

Les mots en rose sont ceux du jargon des affaires, du management, de la technique. À connaître!

En cases jaunes, les mots incontournables

 

MOTS et exemples d'emploi

According to

En accord avec

*    According to the specifications; to article 2;  to our records ..

*    According to the percentage of shares …

*    According to a recent study …

Account for

Représenter

*    Half of the adult women older than 18 are unmarried – 56 millions (USA) – and now account for 1 in 4 people of voting age.

Achieve

Atteindre, réaliser

*    To achieve full employment; the best possible result; more efficient use of resources; the same result as last year; our common objectives; energy saving.

*    … in order to achieve a particular commercial objective.

*    To achieve this we need to constantly strive to upgrade our performance.

Actually

Réellement, vraiment, en fait

Mot passe-partout!

*    Actually, I don't know him at all.

Address

Répondre

*    To address the needs of the customers

*    To address specific problems.

*    To address the operating system issue.

*    To address the issue currently being raised in this regard.

Advanced

De pointe, sophistiqué, perfectionné, avancé

*    He is using advanced data-gathering techniques to identify faulty components. (il utilise des techniques de collecte de données sophistiquées pour identifier les composants défectueux)

Afford

Affordable

Affordability

Se permettre, s'offrir

*    This is more than I can afford.

*    They cannot afford to pay such an advanced computer.

*    We cannot afford to delay. (Aucun retard n'est permis).

*    The management principles of efficiency and affordability. (Efficience et capacité financière).

Agreed

Entendu, approuvé

*    I fully agree, provided that you meet the agreed specifications.

*    Not all scientists agree on all of these criteria.

*    It would seem that we might agree on these new points.

Aim

Viser

But

*    Pure or basic research aims to clarify scientific principles without a specific end product in view.

*    The overall aim is to prevent defects through quality control.

Allow

Permettre

*    This method allows to carry out several processes at the same time.

*    In order to allow us to provide you with the best possible products.

*    The computer system must allow students to create, edit, compile quickly, and execute Java programs.

*    Information technology alIows very fast. automated manipulation of digital data.

Apply

S'appliquer

*    Here, the requirements apply.

*    This article will also apply to all further amendments.

Assess

Évaluer

*    Assess the quality of your sources.

*    To assess the possible economy

*    To assess the performance of this new system.

*    …to assess the credibility, quality and comprehensiveness of systems.

*    Any project starts with a feasibility study to assess both financial and engineering aspects

Assessment

Évaluation, estimation

*    An environmental assessment.

*    Assessment of the financial viability.

*    The objective of these assessments was to identify

*    With regard to the withdrawal of those assessments (en ce qui concerne le retrait de ces avis).

Assumed

It is assued that

Supposé

*    It is assumed to be very difficult.

*    The assumed prerequisites include knowledge of basic English and algebra.

At the end of the day

Au final, en fin de compte

*    I think that, at the end of the day, we'll have to conclude a deal.

Award

Décerner, attribuer

*    This university awards about 200 computer science degrees a year. (Diplômes).

*    To award a grant. (Octroyer une subvention).

*    He may  award any amount it deems appropriate. (Il peut accorder toute somme qui lui semble adéquate).

Ball park figure

En gros, approximativement

*    These are ball park figures (estimations grossières).

*    We are only able to provide ball park figures.

Based on

Fondé sur, reposant sur

*    The design process needs to be based on a thorough understanding of the problem to be solved.

Basically

En fait, tout simplement, fondamentalement

*    The owner basically told us to leave, so we had to move.

*    The component basically consists of

*    Basically, this graphs indicates that …

Basis

Fair basis

Base

Base équitable

*    To negotiate on a fair basis.

*    We'll evaluate the bid on the basis of cost-effectiveness.

Bear out

Confirmer

*    Recent data bears out his theory (les données récentes confirment sa théorie).

*    His version of events isn't borne by the facts (contredite par les faits).

Benefit

Bénéficier

*    It benefits from an increasingly developed international environment.

Besides

Outre, en plus

*    Besides talent that knows how to build infrastructure, Seattle has a number of leading cloud software companies.

Bid

 

 

Bid price

Offre, proposition (avec prix)

 

Prix de soumission

Cours acheteur

*    A bid of 20,000 euros.

*    Could you reformulate your bid and include logistics options.

*    If your bid is successful, unsuccessful.

*    This offer is based on our bid prices at year end.

Blooming

Fleurissante, resplendissant, dynamique, en plein boom

*    In the blooming economy.

*    A strong and blooming economy begins by the efforts of every people and every company.

Bottom-line

Valeur finale, butée;

Essentiel

*    I'll accept this price, but that's my bottom-line.

*    When it comes to the bottom line in computer choice (lorsqu'il est question de déterminer ce qui est important pour le choix des ordinateurs).

*    Both companies have faced pressure to improve their bottom lines.

Breakthrough

Percée, rupture technologie

*    To make a significant breakthrough.

*    To achieve an important  breakthrough

Bring together

Réunir, rassembler

*    … which brought together more than 2,000 participants each year for the last decade.
tous les ans sur la dernière décennie.

*    We have now to bring together the specifications.

Bullshit!

Ce sont des conneries, des foutaises

*    That's bullshit, utter bullshit (connerie totale)

By and large

En général, en gros, en grand partie

*    The sales engineer considers that by and large the proposals have been well received.

 

 

C

Carry out

Éxécuter, effectuer, mener

*    They carry out their duties.

*    I'll carry out this project next year.

*    To carry out rigorous reporting.

*    This method allows to carry out several processes at the same time.

*    To carry out a study.

*    We wilI carry out the tests in order to get feedback on our advertising campaigns.

Challenge

Défi

*    This will be a significant challenge to achieve these objectives.

*    This is a very inspiring and demanding challenge. (un défi très motivant et exigeant).

*    To take up the challenge. (Relever le défi).

CEO: Chief Executive Officer

PDG: Président directeur général

*    We need to appoint a new CEO.

*    The Board meets two times a year in the presence of the CEO. (Le Conseil de Surveillance se réunit deux fois par an en présence du PDG).

Close

Proche

*    We're getting pretty close.

Come to

s'agir

*    French are one of the most anxious populations when it comes to the future.

Commitment

Engagement, responsabilité

*    A strong commitment made by the Board

*    Commitment to deliver on time.

*    This commitment needs to be fulfilled; to be fully met.

Compare

Comparer

*    To compare a Twingo with a Laguna (même plan).

*    To compare a car to a dangerous monster (ordres différents).

Complementary

Complimentary

Complémentaire

Gratuit, élogieux

*    I've got complimentary ticket for the show.

*    I've complimentary remarks regarding our quality control.

Completed

Terminé

*    The project is completed on time.

*    He just completed his training course.

*    These activities were successfully completed in July.

*    This first phase is expected to be completed by the end of July..

Comply

(meet, fulfill)

Satisfaire, respecter, être conforme

*    To comply with the required procedure; with such a request; with the specifications; with usual standards (normes); these regulations; legal requirements; all applicable laws; a number of formalities;

*    Failure to comply with any of the provisions with respect to these matters could render the application invalid.

Composed of

Composé de

*    A piece of software, just like a computer itself, is composed of many interacting parts.

Comprehensive

Complet, exhaustif

*    A comprehensive review; plan; solution; guide; support; insurance policy; set of rules.

*    It requires a comprehensive knowledge of computer sciences.

Concentrate

(Focus)

Se concentrer, se focaliser, s'appliquer

*    Microbiology concentrates on those biological processes and structures that are too small for us to see with our eyes.

*    People in production focus on efficiency and effectiveness of processes in order to maximize productivity.

Concern

Faire l'objet de, s'appliquer à

*    Production management is concerned with planning and controIIing industrial processes which produce and distribute products and services.

Confident

Confiant, convaincu, optimiste

*    We are reasonably confident that some agreement will soon be reached on this issue.

*    We are confident that the system will perform according to specifications.

*    We are confident that the work can be completed by next week.

Consider

Considérer, pris en compte

*    There are many factors that need to be considered in the planning system

Consist

Consister, composer

*    Electronic circuits consist of interconnections of electronic components, at the heart of which are semiconductors.

Consistent with

In agreement with

En accord avec

*    These improvements are consistent with the specifications.

*    These activities are consistent with our policy; with our action plan; with the Terms and Conditions of the contract; with the overall objectives of the Company.

Contrary

 

Unlike

Contrairement à

 

À la différence de

*    Contrary to popular opinion, drinking wine may be good for people's health.

*    Unlike sterilization, the pill is totally reversible.

Cope with

(face)

Faire face, se débrouiller, s'en sortir

Cover

Couvrir, traiter

*    These topics need not be covered in detail.

Deadline

Échéance, date limite, date butoir

*    Before the deadline of 31 July.

Deadlock

Impasse

*    When the discussions came to a deadlock we wrote up a letter of intent to continue the negotiations next month.

Deal

Let's make a deal

Not big deal!

Affaire, marché

Concluons une entente

Pas de problème, as la mer à boire

*    It's probably the best deal in my life.

*    To make a deal; to strike a deal (conclure un marché).

*    All in all, the deal is unacceptable.

Deal with

Traiter de

S'occuper de

*    This article deals with a major issue.

*    Here are some useful strategies for dealing with difficult people and hopefully avoiding conflict!

Dedicated

Dédié, fait exprès pour

*    This group is dedicated to promoting excellence and equity in education.

Demanding

Éxigeant, ambitieux, éprouvant, astreignant

*    Important and demanding tasks.

*    Complex and demanding process.

*    Demanding quality control.

Design

Concevoir

*    Design, implement, and analyze solutions to problems.

Develop

Déveloper

*    Industry spends vast sums to develop new products and the means to produce them cheaply, efficiently, and safely.

Downside

Drawback

Inconvénient

*    The downside is that this well-order is impossible to find explicitly for most sets.

Dramatically

Radicalement, énormément, spectaculairement

*    To be dramatically improved; re-inforced.

*    The number of major flaws increases dramatically over the past month.

*    Technological advances in the chemical industry have dramatically altered the world's economy (a considérablement modifié l'économie mondiale).

Drawback

(disadvantage)

Inconvénient, bémol

Remboursement d'impôt

*    To assess advantages and drawbacks.

*    The only slight drawback; major drawback will be  ...

*    However there are some drawback to using ...

*    The drawback of these methods is ...

*    Write 10 advantages and 10 disadvantages of using the internet?

*    Disadvantages of a partnership include that the liability of the partners for the debts of the business is unlimited.

Due to

 

Thanks to

Dû à

 

Grâce à

*    Due to For mysterious reasons.

*    "Due to" est à éviter, souvent "because" va bien

*    Évitez aussi le "'thanks to"pratiquement pas utilisé en anglais

Embrace

Couvrir, comprendre, inclure, être composé de

*    Computer science embraces problem solving, hardware, algorithms, and perspectives that help people utilize computers

Emphasize

Souligner, mettre l'accent sur, faire ressortir, accentuer

*    Because the discipline of computer science emphasizes problem solving

Enable

Permettre

*    It enables students to pursue college-level studies.

Endeavor, endeavour

S'éfforcer

*    They should endeavour to mitigate risks

*    From now on, they will endeavour to inform the personnel.

Enhance,

improve, strengthen

Renforcer, améliorer

*    To enhance the competitiveness.

*    To enhance the quality of our products.

Ensure

Assurer, garantir

*    To ensure compliance with the rules.

*    To ensure a fast time-to-market (garantir une introduction rapide sur le marché)

*    You should ensure you do not miss the deadline. (Assurez-vous de ne pas dépasser la date butoir).

Entitled

Autorisé, avoir de droit de, bénéficié

*    My contract says that I am entitled to full benefits after six months of employment.

*    Who is really entitled to bargain?

Equipment

Information

Collectifs

*    A piece of equipement (un équipement); Equipment (les équipements).

*    A piece of information; information.

Eventually

Finalement

*    He eventually realized how lucky he was (il a fini par comprendre).

*    He ended up having to pay twice as much (il a fini par être obligé de payer deux fois plus).

Extent (to some -)

Dans une certaine mesure

*    Now to some extent, we all have an idea of what life is.

 

 

 

F

Face

(cope with)

Faire face, affronter

*    Both companies have faced pressure to improve their bottom lines (La ligne du bas, soit le résultat).

*    To face difficulties; problems; unexpected events; conflicts; additional costs; a challenge…

Factory or Sea

Acceptance Tests (FAT / SAT)

Recette en usine et et recette sur site

*    Test du système en présence du client de chaque clause du chier des charges en sortie d'usine puis in situ, dans ses conditions normales d'utilisation.

Fair and reasonable

Juste et raisonnable

*    Fair and reasonable decision; conditions; compensation; process of risk mitigation …

Familiar

Informé, connaissant

*    Students also need to be familiar with the concepts of prime numbers.

*    I would really like to help you, but I'm afraid I'm not familiar with this type of machine.

Feature

Offrir, comporter, lettre en scène

*    The menu offers delicious surprises, featuring fishes and seafood

Figure out

Se faire une idée, arriver à comprendre, réaliser, trouver comment faire

Locution très employée

*    I cannot figure out how much it'll cost.

*    I'll figure out later.

*    I can't figure it out.

Focus

Focaliser, centrer, concentrer, mettre l'accent sur; emphase

*    We shall focus on our strengths; on value-added activities; on effort to accelerate …

*    The focus is on describing … (L'accent ou l'emphase est placé sur la description)

Following

As follows

Ci-après, ci-joint,

Comme suit

*    Following is an outline of the major topics.

*    The specification will now read as follows:

For

De

*    The reason of this crisis is still unclear.

*    The reason for this crisis is still unclear.

Forge

Créér, conclure

*    ... and forge links between industry and culture.

*    ... and forge a massive alliance with

Foster

Nourrir, entretenir, favoriser

*    We foster high hopes.

*    We'll foster scientific development.

*    To foster transparency; greater mutual understanding; concrete discussions; partnerships; creativity...

Framework

Cadre

*    A strong framework for promotion of quality control.

*    A useful framework for discussion.

*    To adopt a contractual framework for the implementation of this action plan.

Fulfil or fulfill

(meet, comply)

Remplir, réaliser, s'acquitter

*    To fulfill the conditions; the specifications; the requirements; the agreement; the objectives; the mission ...

Fundamentally

Basically

Primarily, mainly

Fondamentalement, Essentiellement, principalement

Premièrement, en priorité

*    The inside of the edifice is primarily reserved to religious services.

*    This evolution is primarily due to the electronic sector.

Get

Avoir, devoir

*    I've got to go (Je dois y aller).

*    We have got to go for a sensible, risk-based system.  (Nous devons avoir (nous prononcer pour) un système intelligent et fondé sur l'étude des risques)  

Give way to

Céder

Remplacer

*    Give way to pressure (céder à la pression).

*    The old standards have gradually given way to the new html format.

Given (a -)

Un acquis

*    Attractiveness is never a given, bust must be constantly cultivated.

Go along

(accept)

Accepter, s'associer

*    I can go along with all the points you mentioned so far.

*    I feel I'll not go along with that.

Go no go decision

Décision effective

*    A go no go decision-making process.

*    At this stage a go no go decision can be made.

Goal

But

*    The following goals apply.

*    With the goal of providing new methods intended to ...

*    The overall goal for designing a piece of software (a computer program) is to correctly solve the given problem. At the same time, this goal should encompass specifying and designing a program that is understandable.

Grounded

Ancré

*    While firmly grounded in the tradition ...

Hardly

Scarcely

No Much

Guère

*    There was hardly anyone (il n'y avait guère de monde).

*    The situation hasn't change much.

*    There is little doubt that …

Here or to go

(ietog')

Sur place ou à emporter

Phrase incompréhensible aux États-Unis. Mieux vaut s'y attendre devant un comptoir de restauration.

Highlights

Faits saillants, point culminant

*    One of the highlights of the exhibition.

*    The survey highlighted the needs of additional workforce.

*    And now, let's turn to the highlights over the past year since we last met.

Implement

Réaliser, mettre ne pratique

*    Paris can and must implement this project.

Improve, enhance

Améliorer

*    To improve our image; access to; the quality; the effectiveness; social policy …

*    For better productivity: reduce costs, increase volume and improve services.

*    We believe it will improve overall effectiveness.

In layman's terms

Dans le langage de tous les jours; pour le novice

*    Can somebody please explain to me what this theorem in layman's terms is?

In my opinion

In my view

To my mind

À mon avis

*    This is not, to my mind, a good example

Inclined to

enclin à, être prêt à, avoir tendance à

*    I'm inclined to accept your proposal; to agree with you.

*    I'm not inclined to be involved in this deal.

Include

Inclure

*    The assumed prerequisites include knowledge of basic English and algebra.

*    The major elements of a building include: the foundation, the structure, the exterior walls, etc.

Inquiry

Enquête, investgation, questionnment, interrogatoire

*    Biology is such a vast field of inquiry.

*    The main conclusion of the inquiry ...

Intended to

Destiné à, adressé à, censé

*    The present notice is intended to ... (le présent avis s'adresse à ...).

*    This report is intended to be the first step in revising the requirements.

Introduce

Présenter

*    These projections were introduced as an attempt to work out the long-range implications of new figures.

Involve

Impliquer, comprendre, consister, mettre en jeu

*    Computer science involves the study of complex systems, of which computer software is often a part.

*    Many programs involve numerical computations and therefore are limited by the finite representations of integers in a computer.

*    Engineering as a profession involves different tasks.

Issue

Question

Problème

Mot très utilisé à la place de problème en français

*    This article deals with a major issue.

*    The issue raised by the article is very interesting.

*    It's important to address this issue now.

*    This is an issue closely linked to quality control.

*    The most urgent issue probably concerns the price.

*    This is clearly a management issue.

*    Another issue of concern is ...

Jeopardize

Mettre en péril, en danger, gâcher, compromettre

*    To jeopardize the agreement; success; security; peace; jobs; progress …

*    Such costs could jeopardize the whole development of the project.

Lack

Manquer, faire défaut

*    If you are lacking in this ability, you can improve over time by simply paying more attention to the way people interact.

*    Lack of time; of awareness; of data; of knowledge; of understanding; participation; interest; reliability …

Laid down

Indiqué, prévu

*    Laid down in the article; in the protocol.

*    Before the deadline laid down in the agreements

Lasting

Qui dure, durable

(voir sustainable)

*    It requires only limited funds yet has a long lasting positive impact

Leverage

Effet de levier, influence, démultiplication

*    I have no leverage with the committee.

*    We have a little bit of leverage because we are the only one company to propose this product.

 

 

 

M

Made up

Formé de,

Comprend

*    The membership association is made up of more than 2,500 of the world's leading biological institutions.

Make do with

Se contenter de

*    They have to make do with low fixed incomes (revenus).

Make sense

Valable, cohérent, fondé

*    It would not make sense to apply the full set of requirements.

*    It would make sense to remove this irrelevant article

Matter

 

As a matter of fact

Sujet, question, affaire

 

En effet, d'ailleurs, voilà ..

En réalité

*    But it is quite another matter when a large number is given to determine its factors.

*    It's a matter of general interest.

*    As a matter of fact nobody knows.

Meet

(comply, fulfill)

satisfaire, être en accord

*    To meet the specifications; the requirements for sustainable development.

*    To meet the needs; criteria; deadline; challenge; demand; conditions; needs; definition; target, costs; obligations; schedule ...

*    To determine whether they correctly meet the specifications.

*    If it fails to meet even one of the criteria.

Mind

Faire attention

S'occuper de

*    But nowadays, somehow, neither politicians nor public opinion seem to mind when huge trusts announce new mergers: the question is not even debated.

Minutes of meeting

Compte rendu de réunion

*    The minutes of meeting record the decisions taken at the meeting.

Misleading

Qui induit en erreur, fallacieux, faux, trompeur

*    This chapter contains several misleading statements.

*    Don't supply false, incorrect or misleading information.

Mitigate

Atténuer, chercher un compromis

*    Let's proceed to a deep analysis and see how we could mitigate the risks.

*    There is also a need to mitigate the indirect costs.

*    We would like to mitigate the consequence of this event.

Momentous

Capital, retentissant

*    We have enjoyed a momentous year in the arts.

Needs

(requirements, expectations)

Besoins, cahier des charges

*    To meet; unmeet the needs.

*    To identify; to clarify the needs.

*    The goal of a business should be to find out customer needs and then fine tune the process to ensure that they are met.

*    If you have no customer feedback, it is very difficult to understand their needs.

Negotiate

Négocier

*    To negotiate a contract; a new agreement; the best possible terms; discounts; the task schedule ...

*    To negotiate the terms and conditions of a contract.

Number

Totaliser, représenter

*    Adult Hispanics (USA) eligible to vote number 25 million this year.

Ongoing

Continu, en cours

*    In the context of the ongoing review. (Dans le cadre de la revue en cours).

*    This is an ongoing challenge ; action; work; process; practice; evaluation; development; growth; improvement; interactions; risk assessment.

Open

Truth

Ouvert

Vérité

*    To tell the truth -  à ne jamais dire, mais dîtes:
To be open, to speak openly,

*    I mean to speak openly of my dissatisfaction with the disproportional price you ask for.

*    I have a very open mind on this issue.

Operate

Fonctionner, opérer

*    He is operating in five countries

Overview

Vue d'ensemble, vision générale, aperçu

*    We need to get an exact overview of the situation.

*    Nevertheless, before you can begin to specialize, you need a broad overview of the science itself.

Paper tiger

Tigre de papier,

document ni fait ni à faire

*    We would not accept a paper tiger.

*    Even so, the whole document remains a paper tiger

Papier

Document

Text

Article, papier

*    This paper proposes…; explains ...; discusses …; describes …

*    This paper sets out how we can strengthen quality control.

*    This paper expresses the view of…

*    This paper begins with the description of …

*    This paper addresses question in connection with biology.

*    This document specifies the general standards of materials and workmanship required by constructor.

*    This document was prepared by …

Pay attention

faire, prêter attention

*    To pay special attention at a few important issues.

*    To pay attention to the cat that …

*    Now on, we must pay attention to customer needs.

Perform

Réaliser, exécuter

*    Without software, computers are unable to perform any calculations or operations.

Place (in -)

En place, installé

*    All elements are in place in Lyon to provide one of the best shows.

Primary

Primaire, premier

*    Industrial relations are thus not the primary concern of these associations.

Progress

Progrès, déroulement, en cours

*    We are making good progress with the new automatic system.

*    The meeting is already in progress.

Prove

Se révéler

*    It would boost the city's image and prove a formidable communication tool.

*    It has proved a success for us.

Provide

Fournir, offrir

*    To provide ressources

*    We cannot abandon the victims to their fate, failing to provide support or a way out.

*    It provides students with the opportunity to earn better placement.

*    These algorithms provide examples for analysis of program efficiency.

*    In this section, we provide more details.

*    ...using a debugger to provide information about the program as it runs and when it crashes.

Provide that

À condition que, pour autant que

*    I fully agree, provided that you meet the agreed specifications

Provisions

Dispositions, indications, réserves

*    Special provisions should be made for …

*    Within the meaning of the provisions referred to in the first paragraph (au sens des dispositions visées au premier paragraphe).

*    Each provision must be project specific.

Quote

Quotation

Établir un prix

Devis, tarif

*    Our last quotation remains valid until 31 July.

*    Contact us for a free quotation.

*    As soon as we do receive your request, we will send you a quotation.

Research and development (R&D)

Recherche et développement

*    Research and development (R and D) is the search for new and improved products and industrial processes.

*    To carry out R&D.

Readiness

(State of -)

Empressement

Prêt à

(État de préparation)

*    It also recalled its readiness to assist in the reconstruction of the crashed building.

*    ...willingness to work and readiness to enhance output.

Regarding

Concernant, en ce qui concerne

*    I've got complimentary remarks regarding our quality control.

Release

Émission, édition

*    A press release

*    When the request for proposal will be released ...

Relevant

Pertinent

*    This article is not relevant in these circumstances.

*    The report omitted several relevant facts.

*    To focus on relevant issues. (se concentrer sur les questions importantes)

Remain

Rester, demeurer

*    He remains one of the most famous mathematicians.

Report

Rapport

*    Progress report

Request

Demande

*    To comply with such a request.

Require

Nécessiter, avoir besoin de, requérir

*    This task requires a much greater effort.

*    This dispute requires a legal analysis by our lawyers.

*    We mention that the machine required only 15 minutes to prove that this number is prime.

Requirements

(needs, specifications)

Exigences, cahier des charges

*    According to the requirements.

*    To meet, to fulfil, to comply with the requirements.

*    We'll look carefully at the requirements.

Review

Revue, examen

*    A full review of the specifications is required.

*    Let's review these data for completeness.

*    A monthly review.

*    We have to set up the objectives of the review.

RFI, RFT, RFP

(Bid)

Demande de propositions

*    Request for information, for tender, for proposal.
Demande d'informations, d'une offre, d'une proposition.

Risk

Risque

*    The average person finds it difficult to assess risks.

*    To mitigate the risks.

Role

Tenir de la place

*    To play a great role.

*    Music means a lot to me.

 

 

S

Schedule

Programme, planning, emploi du temps, échéancier

*    Yes sir, we're on schedule; right on schedule; ahead of schedule; a bit late on schedule.

*    He's got a very busy schedule.

*    A tight schedule.

*    To adhere to a strict schedule.

*    This will be difficult to include all these tasks into the schedule

Set up

établir, mettre en place, mettre sur pied, fonder, établir, installer, configurer

*    To set up a commission; a meeting; a group of experts …

*    To set up a secure framework for new and fruitful discussions.

*    To set up a computer

Setting to Work

(STW)

Mise au point, intégration

*    Test des produits en sortie de fabrication (matériel) ou de programmation (logiciel) un par un, puis par sous-ensemble, et enfin pour la totalité du système.

Settlement

Règlement, accord

*    We hope to reach a comprehensive settlement.

*    We'll help the parties reach a settlement.

*    A peaceful settlement of disputes.

Spin-off

Retombée, indirect

Nouvelle société suite à une scission

*    We look for spin-off benefits. (Nous recherchons un effet d'aubaine).

*    This could create a huge spin-off of new creative activities.

*    Pay attention to the importance of the spin-off effects. (effets indirects).

*    This company will spin off its computer-driven hedge funds into a separate company to focus on its flagship products.

*    The separation plan comes a week after X unveiled a similar bifurcation by spinning off its Y division.

Sound

 

It sounds good

Solide, avisé

 

Ça semble valable; ça me va bien

*    A sound advise

*    His argument is basically sound.

*    We need to develop a sound theoretical foundation.

*    It sounds good on paper, but ...

*    It sounds good, looks good and it's easy to use.

Stage

Étape, phase

*    Three steps stages are necessary to complete this work.

*    A critical stage.

Stake

En jeu

*    What is at stake?  Human liberty is at stake.

*    To review all issues at stake.

*    But what is really at stake.

Standards

Normes

*    We deliver world-class standards.

*    A new accounting standard will apply.

*    This standard becomes a legal requirement.

*    The document specifies the general standards of materials and workmanship required by the construction department.

State

Affirmer, stipuler, déclarer, indiquer

*    The contract shall state that the procedure is mandatory.

*    Our first criterion states that all life contains DNA

Statement

Statement of Work (SOW)

Énoncé

Liste des travaux (cahier des charges)

*    The statement of solutions in a precise form

*    Up to now, we have drafted a statement of work.

*    The statement of work must clearly specify the responsibilities of each party.

Steadily

Régulièrement, constamment, sans interruption

*    As a steadily employed actor he'd fallen into a routine.

*    The demand has grown steadiliy.

*    They are slowly but steadily increasing.

*    The price is rising steadily.

Step back

Réculer, marquer un temps, prendre du recul

*    Step back and really examine the situation.

Strawman

Brouillon, document de travail

*    We just put together a strawman proposal.

Struggle

Lutter, briguer, s'efforcer,

*    He was struggling for a second term.

*    He was struggling to have his experience recognized.

*    To struggle to improve quality.

*    To struggle to ensure that …

Study

Étude

*    We plan to conduct a study.

*    To carry out a deeper study

Subject

 

Subject to

Objet, matière

 

Soumis à, à condition que

*    Le sujet d'un document d'un courriel se dit; subject, là où en français on met objet.

*    What is your favorite subject at school? (matière préférée).

*    Subject to authorization; minor modifications.

Supersede

Remplacer, supplanter

*    This new specification supersedes the 2014 version.

*    This new document is not intended to replace or supersede the procedure in place in any way.

Supply

Fournir

*    An important aspect of modern programming is the existence of extensive libraries that supply many common classes and methods.

Sustainable

durable, pérenne

(voir lasting)

*    An investment in both temporary and sustainable facilities.

*    It is too early to say if this concentration of big engineering talent is sustainable over the long haul. Durable à long terme)

SWOT

FFOR

*    Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats
Forces, faiblesses, opportunités et risques.

*    An awareness of your own limitations and strengths.

Take place

Avoir lieu

*    They could only take place in Paris.

Target

To be on target

Cible, but, échéance

Être sur les rails pour

Être à l'heure

Atteindre les objectifs

*    To meet the target

*    To be on target for completing the setting up (la mise au point).

*    The construction is on target to be completed on time.

*    To be on target within 2% of the budget.

*    The objective is to agree on a target price.

Task

Task force

Tâche

Groupe de travail

*    We need to set up a specific task force to study the problem; to examine the parameters.

Teaming agreement

Accord de partenariat, d'association

Clauses de coopération

*    We just sign a teaming agreement with them.

*    A strategic; a global; a long-term; a multi-year teaming agreement.

Terms and conditions

Clauses légales, modalités légales

*    The terms and conditions set out in the contract; are specified as attached to the contract.

*    The T's & C's negotiated with our lawyers.

Time Bomb

Bombe à retardement

*    We are looking at a healthcare time bomb. (Bombe à retardement).

To

Que

*    They didn't want that Turkey became European.

*    They didn't want Turkey to become European.

Trade-off

Compromis

*    A trade-off between speed and quality.

*    Lower payments over a longer period of time sounded like a fair trade-off until we asked about interest charges.

*    Efforts for a better trade-off between economic, social and environmental needs.

Tune (In – with)

En accord avec

*    In tune with the times, Paris continues to shine while looking for the future.

Turn to (let's - )

Abordons, examinons, parlons

*    Let's now turn to the security issue; towards the future; to the final conclusion; observed performances; our attention to ensuring that ...

*    Let's now turn to questioning for a moment. (Passons donc aux questions).

*    But before we begin the story, let us first turn to the principles on which this machine was based.

Valuable

(good point)

Valable, recevable, précieux, utile

*    This is a valuable comment; point; remark; observation; contribution; advice.

Wage

Salaire

*    Wage increase. (Augmentation de salaire).

*    To be paid a fair wage.

Wake (In the -  of)

À l'occasion

*    In the wake of the action taken by

Withdrawal

Retrait

*    The withdrawal was completed on 31 July.

*    With regard to the withdrawal of those assessments (en ce qui concerne le retrait de ces avis, de ces évaluations).

Work Breakdown Structure (WBS)

Description des tâches

*    Liste hiérarchisée des travaux élémentaires à accomplir pour réaliser  un produit, un système.

Work out

Résoudre, élaborer, mettre œuvre, régler

*    To work out solution; the budget; a plan; the details …

*    We cannot work out their dispute.

*    We find it necessary to work out a new team.

Worth

Digne de, mériter, valoir bien

*    A picture may be worth a thousand words, but the wrong words can make the picture worthless.

*    It is also worth emphasizing that these assessments make sense.

*    The trip will be worth it.

Write

Écrire, rédiger

*    How to write engineering specifications.

 

 

 

Suite

*       Expressions idiomatiques

*       Étymologie anglaise

Voir

*       Chinois

*       Débutants

*       DicoCulture

*       DicoMot des maths

*       DicoNombre

*       Étymologie

*       Glossaire

*       Humour

*       Jeux de lettres et de mots

*       Langue et linguistiqueIndex

*       Lettres

*       Mots d'esprit

*       Origine français

Sites

*       Écouter les nombres et les expressions mathématiques en anglais (et autres …)

*       Langage Course – Cours gratuits en anglais (et autres langues)

*       HYPERDICTIONARY - Définitions et  thésaurus anglais

Livres

*       How to write in English – Jean-Max Thomson- Nathan – 2002

*       At the negotiation table, l'anglais des affaires – Michèle Rivas – Dunod – 1988

*       Dictionnaire de l'anglais des affaires – Guillaume de La Roque et Yono Bernard – Le Livre de Poche- 1988

*       L'anglais économique et commercial – JP. Berman, M. Marcheteau, M. Savio – Presss Pocket - 1979

*       Anglais scientifique (U.S. / G.B.) – JP. Soula et A.Bellecourt – Presses Pocket - 1989

Sites

*       Linguee – Quantité de phrases en anglais et français contenant le mot ou la locution que vous souhaitez.

*       Your dictionary – Dictionnaire, thésaurus, mots en situation (phrases) …

Cette page

http://villemin.gerard.free.fr/Langue/AnglGene.htm